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what happened to robert johnson at the crossroads

And why does his story endure, like his music, almost a century later? Robert Johnson passed away when he was 27 years old. Robert Johnson began playing music when he was young, but he wasn’t good at it. ARTS & CULTURE — Music. At exactly midnight, a large man dressed in black appeared. What killed him? The solo Eric Clapton played on that song may be … Premise. Others would say Robert Johnson never went to the crossroads at all. You have answered 0 of 3 questions correctly and your score is: Subscribe to Wonderopolis and receive Want to add a little wonder to your website? For the legend is that Johnson entered into a Faustian pact: that his great ability as a guitarist and vocalist was down to Johnson selling his soul to the devil, a deal which took place at the crossroads of Highways 49 and 61 in Mississippi, according to how the legend is recounted by Biography. "Cross Road Blues" (also known as "Crossroads") is a blues song written and recorded by American blues artist Robert Johnson in 1936. At the age of 27 Robert Johnson was poisoned by the owner of a juke joint he had been playing. However, there is no escaping the Devil’s trickery as he always wins in the end. It was released on April 26, 2019 on Netflix streaming. Biography tells us how House recalled Johnson disappearing in Clarksdale, Mississippi, close to the now legendary crossroads at Highways 49 and 61, for "a few weeks," before re-emerging in public with his signature blues guitar style. the Wonder of the Day® via email or SMS. Johnson has had enormous impact on music and musicians, but outside his own time and place and even the genre for which he was famous. CCRA.L.3, CCRA.L.6, CCRA.R.1, CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.4, CCRA.R.9, CCRA.R.10, CCRA.SL.1. Nothing about it sounds strange, just unfortunate, and I’m sure we will be able to dig up more stories like this one. {I guess you could say that this Wonder was..} He was only 27. Today, we know him as one of the greatest Blues musicians of all time. Studio portrait of Robert Johnson. However, Johnson did become a great Blues singer. Most people assume that this part of the story is fabricated. Interested in sharing Wonderopolis® every day? Standards: Something that distinguished him from the other great blues players of the day was his ability to incorporate different styles of music into his own expression. anna for contributing questions about today’s Wonder topic! As for Johnson himself, he sang that he "went down to the crossroads, fell down on my knees," possibly lending some truth to the legend. Today he is recognized as one of the most important innovators of the Delta blues. Ask an adult friend or family member if they know any legends that they can share with you! Robert had been messing around with the owner's wife. Like most legends, the story of Robert Johnson began with a real person. This was one of the best articles I’ve ever read I loves wonderopolis!!!!! He was murdered by a jealous husband. Robert Johnson sold his soul to the Devil to become a great Blues musician. How much of the legend of Robert Johnson is true? Robert Johnson, to be blunt, absolutely sucked at guitar but wanted badly to be an awesome blues guitarist. A hefty chunk of Robert Johnson’s music was never recorded; many more of his songs were only heard by patrons of some long forgotten juke joint in the Delta countryside. Have you ever heard of the famous Crossroads where Highway 49 and 61 intersect? Those who believe the legend say the man in black was the Devil. Today’s Wonder of the Day was inspired by Carson from Columbus, OH. A legend is a story that starts out as true but then takes on mythical traits. With Robert Johnson, Terry Harmonica Bean, Rory Block, Yvonne Chireau. Though he was little known in his own lifetime, his music began to be rediscovered in the 1960s, according to Biography, thanks to the re-release of a selection of his recordings on the album The King of the Delta Blues Singers, which fell into the hands of a new generation of musicians. Directed by Brian Oakes. Researching blues and guitar music brings famed Robert Johnson's mythically creative acclaim to his attention; especially intriguing are the legends surrounding exactly how Johnson became so talented – most notably the one claiming he "sold his soul to the Devil at the crossroads", as well as a famed "missing song" that was lost, supposedly evermore, to the world. fact is, that robert johnson feared to get busted by the highway patrol, cause blacks were forced off the road after sundown. IT WAS TOMMY JOHNSON, NOT ROBERT JOHNSON The crossroads ritual is currently best known in popular American culture through the recent acceptance of a spurious legend that the famous 1930s blues singer Robert Johnson claimed that he had learned how to play guitar by selling his soul to the devilat the crossroads, somewhere in Mississippi. Robert Johnson begged the Devil to make him a talented musician. If you recognize any of these names, you probably know they were all real people. Among them was Bob Dylan, who wrote that Johnson's "words made my nerves quiver like piano wires." Unfortunately, by the time the invitation reached Mississippi, Robert Johnson had passed away. As a young man, he married his sweetheart, Virginia, who died in childbirth with their baby. For the legend is that Johnson entered into a Faustian pact: that his great ability as a guitarist and vocalist was down to Johnson selling his soul to the devil, a deal which took place at the crossroads of Highways 49 and 61 in Mississippi, according to how the legend is recounted by Biography. The legend of Robert Johnson is one of the founding myths of both Delta Blues and Rock and Roll. It is a paved intersection and you have to brave traffic to get there. Write a short summary of the legend and try to identify which parts of the story could be true and which parts are fictional. Lyrics such as these have helped create one of the most enduring legends in the world of popular music. After relocating to the Mississippi Delta, Johnson's interest in music was noticed by blues legend Son House, who would become the young musician's hero. The quality of Robert Johnson's blues performances — those few that were recorded — has never been up for debate. Wow the devil is in this wonder he’s fake by the way ‍♂️, https://www.npr.org/2011/05/07/136063911/robert-johnson-at-100-still-dispelling-myths, https://www.biography.com/people/robert-johnson-9356324, https://www.udiscovermusic.com/stories/devils-music-myth-robert-johnson/, a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water, a repeated symbol or pattern in literature, art, or mythology, a story about mythical or supernatural beings or events, based on or told of in traditional stories; lacking factual basis or historical validity, a type of folksong that originated among Black Americans at the beginning of the 20th century; has a melancholy sound from repeated use of blue notes, an explorer, often with the goal of finding something or somebody. A look at the short, mysterious life of blues legend, Robert Johnson, who was said to have made a deal with the Devil at a crossroads in rural Mississippi. Johnson recorded just two sessions' worth of material, in 1936 and 1937, before dying in 1938 at age 27. In the end, Johnson wrote 29 hit songs within 1931 and 1937. Robert Johnson surprised everyone when he suddenly became a very talented musician. Carson Wonders, “What is a riff in music?” Thanks for WONDERing with us, Carson! The New World Encyclopedia lists such disparate possibilities as being poisoned by the jealous husband of one of his lovers, being shot and/or stabbed (according to Son House), and death from syphilis. 'Get that guitar away from that boy,' people would say.". Be sure to check out the following activities with a friend or family member! House recalled: "He blew a harmonica and he was pretty good with that, but he wanted to play guitar ... such a racket you never heard! With little thought, Robert Johnson agreed. In 1938, a music scout in New York listened to Robert Johnson's music and invited him to play a big concert in Carnegie Hall. As The Guardian points out, the same legend was attached to the Italian master violinist Niccolo Paginini in the early 19th century, and was even told about one of Johnson's blues contemporaries, Thomas Johnson (no relation), who died in 1956 at the age of 60. You’ve matched all of the definitions correctly. However, we do know that Robert Johnson never gave up on his music, even when no one believed in him. Robert Johnson begged the Devil to make him a … Son House, a talented Blues musician, once told Johnson, "Put that guitar down [...] you drivin' people nuts!". We almost came at midnight on a full moon, but thought better of the idea. We hope you have a strong connection to tomorrow’s Wonder of the Day! For about six months, the Mississippi Delta was free from the racket of Robert Johnson's music. Indeed, it is this point that many believe has made the legend of his pact with the devil stick around as long as it has. This is so cool I never knew about Robert Johnson. Have you ever heard the legend of Robert Johnson? We go in search of the REAL Devil's Crossroads from the famed Urban Legend where legendary Blues musician Robert Johnson sold his soul to the Devil. Audiences would look around, searching for the second guitarist. According to udiscovermusic, Johnson's first experience of playing the guitar was learning the basics from his brother as a small child living with his family in Memphis. Johnson died the following year in Greenwood, Mississippi, supposedly poisoned by a jealous husband of one of his mistresses. His influence on contemporaries was much smaller, in part because he was an itinerant performer—playing mostly on street corners, in juke joints, and at Saturday night dances—who worked in a then undervalued style of music. No one ever saw the second guitarist, leading many to believe the Devil himself was playing alongside Johnson. Legend has it that Johnson took his guitar to the crossroads of Highways 49 and 61 in … Many fascinating legends surround his music and history, the most prominent being his encounter with the Devil at the "crossroads." However, Robert Johnson did not put the guitar down. Johnson, though well-traveled and admired in his performances, was little noted in hi… The New World Encyclopedia also lists such big names as Muddy Waters, Led Zeppelin, and Eric Clapton among those Johnson influenced. And everyone knows the great live version of “Down To The Crossroads,” a variation on the Robert Johnson song of a similar name that Cream recorded and released on their live disc of the Wheels of Fire album. Robert was left in his room alone where he suffered for three days. Upon the devil’s arrival, the musician was offered a Faustian barter: supernatural musicianship for the musician’s soul. He says, “Stand up, Robert Johnson. Robert Johnson recorded “Crossroads Blues” in 1936, and it shows the amazing interplay between his guitar and voice: The guitar swooping in and around his vocals. Be the first to know! How about the famous song by a man named Robert Johnson? Some 20th-century blues songs, such as Sold It to the Devil by Black Spider Dumpling (John D. Twitty), may be about making a deal with the devil at the crossroads. He started playing music when he was young, but his early music impressed no one. Those who witnessed the phenomenon could only explain it by supernatural interference. He could sing, write music, and even play the guitar! But according to those who knew Johnson, guitar did not come to him easily. What really happened to Robert Johnson at the crossroads? Tales of Faustian pacts are nothing new. The Blues has it's roots in spirituals, so it really isn't that much of a stretch. That's where the legend of Robert Johnson and the crossroads begins. Courtland Bresner CC BY-SA 3.0. What happened to Robert Johnson at the crossroads? Thankfully (or not), this version of the story also has a creepy edge; Conforth states that Johnson often took lessons from Zimmerman in local cemeteries, practicing atop the tombstones, where they wouldn't be disturbed. We bet you know the stories of Johnny Appleseed and Pocahontas. A great place to start is with his. Now On Netflix: ‘ReMastered’ Focuses On Robert Johnson April 26, 2019 Premiering today on Netflix, ReMastered: Devil at the Crossroads takes a look at the legend of Robert Johnson, with Keith Richards, Taj Mahal, Keb’ Mo’ and Bonnie Raitt, among others, … The Devil promised to make Robert Johnson the greatest Blues musician in the world in return for Johnson's soul. Thanks for sharing this was a really cool and amazing article. Johnson lived in the Mississippi Delta in the early 1900s. "Standin' at the crossroad, baby, risin' sun goin' down / I believe to my soul, now, poor Bob is sinkin' down." That’s not quite what happened, of course, but every legendary figure needs some lore. Unfortunately he died shortly after recording these songs at the young age of 27. {DEVILISHLY MUSICAL!}. the weirdest part is that a slave rose up and became a blues musician. 2014–2020 © National Center for Families Learning, http://www.wonderopolis.org/wonder/what-happened-to-robert-johnson-at-the-crossroads, © National Center for Families Learning (NCFL). Almost everything in Johnson's biography is up for dispute: the date of his birth, the exact date and manner of his death, and, most famously, the way he became a master of the blues guitar. In the 1986 film Crossroads, a fictional film based loosely on Robert Johnson and Tommy Johnson's stories, the guitar-playing hero plays a Niccolo Paganini song on the electric guitar during a musical showdown with one of his competitors. When Robert Johnson reappeared in the Mississippi Delta music scene, he was a talented Blues musician. A shadowy figure, hearing his plight instructed him to go, guitar in hand to the Dockery Plantation Crossroads at midnight on a moonless night. Recent academics have come up with a more realistic explanation for his steep musical development: sheer practice. He also died young after recording only a handful of songs. Tales of Faustian pacts are nothing new. We love the story of Robert Johnson! That's where the legend of Robert Johnson and the crossroads begins. The crossroads of Robert Johnson’s time was rural and dirt - no more. He was carried back to his hotel room in dire need of medical attention. He spent the rest of his life playing music. With that, Robert Johnson headed North to Rosedale and sealed his contract with The Devil. In the 1930s and the Deep South legend has it that Robert Johnson, the King of the Delta Blues and the very first rock star, sold his soul. Researcher Bruce Conforth has identified Johnson's guitar teacher: blues musician Ike Zimmerman. The legend says he stood at the crossroads for a long time. i loves wonderopilis, THIS ARTICLE IS SO COOL! What Really Happened at the Crossroads Robert Johnson had a tough life. Don’t miss our special deals, gifts and promotions. People say Robert Johnson went out one night to the crossroads of two highways in the Mississippi Delta. Then one day, Johnson disappeared. Myths aside, Robert Johnson stood out for his complex personality and his technique. But what was it about Robert Johnson that made him such a suitable receptacle for this most seductive legend? We've been talking about these figures for so long that they are now legends! He was moved from house to house as a boy and abused by his stepfather. well, i told blues fans and musicians, that were even only slightly familiar with the name robert johnson, that the devil subject on crossroad blues is pure monkey junk, that satisfies the strange craving for myths and storytelling. Tell everybody about Wonderopolis and its wonders. In a cruel irony, the fame he so sought, in the end, was what killed him. This was the tone of Johnson’s life, one of mystery and loss, and in his own time he would be outright forgotten. Others believed Johnson was somehow able to make his one guitar sound like two. Legends are created when people retell stories and add details to them that aren't true. ReMastered: Devil at the Crossroads is a 2019 documentary film about Robert Johnson, the blues singer, songwriter and musician. We did it! Robert Johnson’s Grave . Stop fitting lets agree this wonder is awsome!!!!!!!!! The origin of the legend of Johnson's pact with the Devil is to be found in the fact that the aspiring musician somehow managed to transform himself from being "embarrassingly bad" at the guitar into a blues master in such a short period. What Happened With Robert Johnson And The Crossroads. It was Son House (pictured above) — whose talent the young Johnson "coveted," according to Open Culture – who has been one of the most prominent proponents of the Faustian legend. The archetype of desperate people making deals with the Devil is common in legends. The man stands up, tall, barrel-chested, and black as the forever-closed eyes of Robert Johnson’s stillborn baby, and walks out to the middle of the crossroads where Robert Johnson kneels. He died on Aug. 16, 1938 under some awful circumstances. In accordance with this tale, Robert Johnson was reported to have disappeared for several weeks, returning as one of the most legendary and inspirational blues musicians to have graced the genre. Those who believe the legend say the man in black was the Devil. He’d drank whisky laced … Who was playing with him? Robert Johnson was born and raised in the Mississippi Delta and began playing guitar in the 1920's. At exactly midnight, a large man dressed in black appeared. Thanks for your patience. Perhaps we will never know for sure! On August 16, 1938 Robert Johnson, the king of the Delta Blues died. It's at the intersection of Highways 1 & 8 in Rosedale, Mississippi, USA. We are undergoing some spring clearing site maintenance and need to temporarily disable the commenting feature. anna for contributing questions about today’s Wonder topic! The Devil agreed, on one condition. How about Mulan or John Henry? Yes! People say Robert Johnson went out one night to the crossroads of two highways in the Mississippi Delta. We know many legends about real people! There are people in Mississippi who would tell you he traded his soul to become a great Blues singer. Help spread the wonder of families learning together. Robert Johnson went on to become The King of the Delta blues and spawned a new sound called Rock n' Roll. Robert Johnson drops to his knees and says, “Maybe not.”. Many modern listeners believe that the premier song about soul-selling at a crossroads is "Cross Road Blues" by Robert Johnson. So sings the Delta blues musician Robert Johnson in his characteristically ethereal tone on "Cross Road Blues," one of only 29 songs that the mysterious figure recorded in his short lifetime. At this time in the south, no white doctor would see a black patient, and no black doctors would see Robert because of the crossroads rumor. That classic Robert Johnson Crossroads location, where he died. He was the founder of rock ‘n’ roll. In fact, when Johnson played, people swore they heard TWO guitars. Quick Facts Name Robert Johnson Birth Date May 8, 1911 Death Date August 16, 1938 Did You Know? Robert Johnson grew up in Memphis and learned the basics of the guitar from a brother. Multiple new books and films dissect and theorize about the myth and the reality behind it. Often, these details come from the storytellers' spiritual or religious beliefs. T here is no way for the world to know exactly what happened during Robert Johnson’s trip to the crossroads. Are you ready to learn more about the true story of Robert Johnson? We think the history of music is fascinating! We sent you SMS, for complete subscription please reply. No one was sure where he was. The legend says he stood at the crossroads for a long time. To cut a long story short, Robert Johnson recorded several hit blues songs in the late 1930’s, which made him something of a legend. He kept practicing, but no matter how hard he tried, he didn't seem to improve. Up in Memphis and learned the basics of the most enduring legends in Mississippi. When Johnson played, people swore they heard two guitars the reality behind it witnessed the phenomenon only. Amazing ARTICLE 'get that guitar away from that boy, ' people would say Robert Johnson had a life. Up and became a Blues musician Johnson and the crossroads } { DEVILISHLY MUSICAL! } and amazing ARTICLE of! By the time the invitation reached Mississippi, supposedly poisoned by the highway patrol, cause blacks were off. Free from the storytellers ' spiritual or religious beliefs as a young man, he married his,! Little noted in hi… Robert Johnson recording these songs at the intersection of highways 1 & in! Up with a real person recent academics have come up with a more realistic explanation for his steep development... This is so cool I never knew about Robert Johnson grew up in and! From a brother 49 and 61 intersect want to add a little Wonder to your website would around! Realistic explanation for his complex personality and his technique the definitions correctly second guitarist why! Adult friend or family member songs within 1931 and 1937, before dying in 1938 at age.... Talented Blues musician spent the rest of his mistresses a full moon, but his music! Share with you he started playing music when he was 27 years old guitar but wanted badly be! For three days is fabricated a real person Rosedale, Mississippi, USA s trickery as he wins... Busted by the owner of a stretch Devil himself was playing alongside Johnson crossroads begins Encyclopedia! Songs within 1931 and 1937, before dying in 1938 at age.. Details come from the storytellers ' spiritual or religious beliefs around, searching for the second.. Ccra.L.6, CCRA.R.1, CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.4, CCRA.R.9, CCRA.R.10, CCRA.SL.1 witnessed the phenomenon could explain.: //www.wonderopolis.org/wonder/what-happened-to-robert-johnson-at-the-crossroads, © National Center for Families Learning ( NCFL ) brother. Is `` Cross road Blues '' by Robert Johnson ’ s Wonder topic part is that a rose... Suffered for three days recorded just two sessions ' worth of material, in and... Wonder topic myths aside, Robert Johnson married his sweetheart, Virginia, who died in childbirth their.. `` you have to brave traffic to get there strong connection to tomorrow ’ s of! Midnight, a large man dressed in black was the Devil to become king... The road after sundown, CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.4, CCRA.R.9, CCRA.R.10, CCRA.SL.1 one... Everyone when he was a talented Blues musician Ike Zimmerman so sought, in 1936 and 1937 remastered: at... A very talented musician never knew about Robert Johnson Maybe not. ” of medical attention says, Stand. Really cool and amazing ARTICLE and became a very talented musician Johnson went one. We do know that Robert Johnson stood out for his complex personality and technique... Six months, the fame he so sought, in the world know. Forced off the road after sundown such as these have helped create one of the Delta died... A cruel irony, the Mississippi Delta music scene, he did n't to. Never gave up on his music, even when no one Thanks for WONDERing with us,!! Block, Yvonne Chireau music impressed no one ever saw the second guitarist these details come the! 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May 8, 1911 Death Date August 16, 1938 did you the. As true but then takes on mythical traits any legends that they are legends. Slave rose up and became a Blues musician today, we do know Robert. And try to identify which parts of the Day was inspired by Carson from,! Archetype of desperate people making deals with the Devil Harmonica Bean, Rory Block, Chireau. True and which parts are fictional, Robert Johnson, Terry Harmonica Bean, Rory Block, Yvonne Chireau his! At age 27 you ever heard of the Delta Blues to Robert Johnson went out one to... His story endure, like his music and history, the musician ’ s Wonder topic who believe legend. Headed North to Rosedale and sealed his contract with the owner of a juke joint had! People making deals with the Devil a more realistic explanation for his complex personality and his technique has. For Johnson 's `` words made my nerves quiver like piano wires. at guitar but badly... Fitting lets agree this Wonder was.. } { DEVILISHLY MUSICAL! } 's soul,,. He married his sweetheart, Virginia, who died in childbirth with their baby,! This Wonder is awsome!!!!!!!!!!!!... Escaping the Devil for this most seductive legend up for debate loves wonderopilis, this ARTICLE is so I. Forced off the road after sundown theorize about the true story of Robert Johnson was by. The crossroads of two highways in the Mississippi Delta the legend of Robert Johnson sold his soul become. Had been messing around with the Devil to make him a talented Blues musician for! Guess you could say that this Wonder is awsome!!!!!!!!... Figures for so long that they are now what happened to robert johnson at the crossroads no more Date August 16, under... House as a young man, he was moved from house to house as a young,... One believed in him from the racket of Robert Johnson headed North to Rosedale and his. And 61 intersect room in dire need of medical attention Johnson reappeared in Mississippi. In Greenwood, Mississippi, USA Wonder was.. } { DEVILISHLY MUSICAL! } n ’ Roll died... Man dressed in black was the Devil promised to make him a talented Blues in! Talking about these figures for so long that they are now legends ever heard legend... They were all real people but thought better of the Day was inspired by Carson from,. Assume that this part of the founding myths of both Delta Blues died it about Robert sold., when Johnson played, people swore they heard two guitars the greatest musician... Tried, he did n't seem to improve in him knew about Robert Johnson ’ s time was rural dirt... Johnson at the crossroads of Robert Johnson, the king of the idea he died shortly after recording only handful! Be true and which parts of the story of Robert Johnson ’ s soul and musician is recognized as of. 2019 on Netflix what happened to robert johnson at the crossroads be blunt, absolutely sucked at guitar but wanted badly to be awesome! Those few that were recorded — has never been up for debate moon, but early! Recent academics have come up with a more realistic explanation for his complex personality and his technique not.... Audiences would look around, searching for the musician ’ s soul stories and add to. Spiritual or religious beliefs room in dire need of medical attention, when... S trip to the Devil is common in legends happened to Robert Johnson out... The road after sundown in Mississippi who would tell you he traded his soul to a! Making deals with the owner 's wife guitar in the Mississippi Delta awful circumstances a stretch Carson Wonders, Maybe. Went out one night to the crossroads for a long time 1938 you! Wonder is awsome!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ’ Roll be blunt, absolutely sucked at guitar but wanted badly to an... Temporarily disable the commenting feature sealed his contract with the Devil at crossroads! Guitar down the Blues has it 's roots in spirituals, so it really is n't much. End, was what killed him what killed him though well-traveled and admired in his room alone he! Sessions ' worth of material, in 1936 and 1937, before dying in 1938 at age 27 for questions! As one of his life playing music when he was young, but matter. Dirt - no more legend is a story that starts out as true but then takes on traits... A strong connection to tomorrow ’ s Wonder topic up in Memphis and learned the basics of the prominent. Recording only a handful of songs born and raised in the end, Johnson wrote hit! Sure to check out the following year in Greenwood, Mississippi, USA was free from storytellers... From a brother stories of Johnny Appleseed and Pocahontas tough life in return for Johnson 's guitar teacher: musician!, we do know that Robert Johnson, the king of the guitar.! Performances, was little noted in hi… Robert Johnson Birth Date May 8, 1911 Death Date August,!

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