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walrus interesting facts

Here you’ll find many interesting walrus facts for kids. One Prehistoric Species Had Two Sets of Tusks. Although walruses are harvested by natives in Russia and Alaska, a 2012 study shows that an even greater threat than harvesting may be the stampedes that kill young walruses. Unlike Pacific walruses, Atlantic walruses prefer to rest ashore, as most feeding grounds in the Atlantic are closer to land. Fast Facts Class. During this time, sea ice may retreat so far offshore that walruses retreat to coastal areas, rather than floating ice. In these coastal areas, there is less food, conditions may become crowded, and the walruses are more susceptible to predation and human activities. As you read these walrus facts you can be confident that your knowledge about them is going to continue to expand. They have broad head and small eyes. A mother will pick a calf up with her flippers and hold it to her chest if it’s threatened, diving into the water with it to escape predators. They consume foods from the bottom of the water including mollusks such as clams. There are words, such as pinnipeds, that should have been defined, this is a children's book. Mothers are strongly protective of their young, who may stay with them for two years or even longer if the mother doesn't have another calf. Facts and Information Social interaction is a big part of life for the walrus. However, not many people know much more about walruses. Laptevi Walrus. They have also been known to feed on seals carcasses in the area when they need to. Sign up to be kept informed about our conservation work and how you can help such as fundraising, campaigning and events. Mammals (Mammalia) Order. Adaptability: The walrus’ other unique characteristics are equally valuable. Male walruses can weigh over 1,000 lbs. Odobenus rosmarus, the walrus binomial name, means “tooth-walking sea horse. There are two subspecies: the Atlantic walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) and the Pacific walrus (O. rosmarus divergens). Mighty walruses only seem harmless and awkward. The movements during migration can be time consuming. Odobenus rosmarus . Walrus use their mighty tusks to forage and lift themselves up onto sea ice. 1. There are white and pink walruses. They seem to prefer feeding at the bottom of shallow waters, eating clams, molluscs, worms, snails, soft shell crabs, shrimp and sea cucumbers. Adopt an animal today and help protect some of our most endangered wildlife and support other vital work around our planet. Male Pacific walruses can reach 3.6 m long and weigh over 1,500kg (that’s 1.5 tonnes!). Front flipper. Walruses are easily recognizable marine animals due to their long tusks, obvious whiskers, and wrinkled brown skin. Younger walrus have dark brown skin, but they get lighter as they get older until they almost turn pink. They are seen in very large numbers on land or on pieces of ice. According to the US Fish and Wildlife Service, male walruses are about 20 percent longer and 50 percent heavier than females. The gestation period is made longer by a period of delayed implantation, in which the fertilized egg takes three to five months to implant into the uterine wall. Like other pinnipeds, the fore and hind limbs of a walr… Interesting Walrus Facts: Adult walruses have between 2000 and 3000 pounds in weight and can reach 12 feet in length. Hope you guys like it! We use cookies to analyse how visitors use our website and to help us provide the best possible experience for users. As a result of less sea ice, walrus are changing their behavior. Walruses insulate themselves from cold water with their blubber. During the mating season they are quite aggressive. The tusks are also useful for creating breathing holes when the walrus are swimming under the ice. Most of them carry a vast map scars on their skin – wounds inflicted in disputes with fellow walrus during the breeding season. The walrus's scientific name is Odobenus rosmarus. HABITAT and HABITS. These large marine mammals are found near the Arctic Circle. Length The feeding habits of the walrus are very interesting. Overall, walruses can grow to about 11 to 12 feet in length and weights of 4,000 pounds. And big is beautiful – they… A walrus is a large, reddish brown animal that lives both in the water and on land near the Arctic Circle. Their tusks are also used for fighting with other walruses, and defence against predators. Walruses have wrinkled brown and pink skin, long, coarse whiskers, flat flippers, and lots of blubber on their bodies to keep them warm in the cold Arctic water. Walruses can live to 40 years of age in the wild. A walrus … They are extremely social and snort and bellow loudly at their companions. In water, walrus can reach 35 km/h, but they prefer a sedate 7 km/h. - They live up to 40 years in the wild. Tusky Business– However, tusks are not a … On their head region, walruses lack external ear flaps, have hundreds of short, vibrissae (whiskers), and both males and females possess large tusks. Walruses are the only member of their taxonomic family, Odobenidae. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Walruses Are Related to Seals and Sea Lions, Walruses Have More Blood Than a Land Mammal of Their Size, Walruses Insulate Themselves With Blubber, As Sea Ice Disappears, Walruses Face Increased Threats, The Difference Between Sea Lions and Seals, The Family Otariidae: Characteristics of Eared Seals and Sea Lions, Facts About Narwhals, the Unicorns of the Sea, Harp Seal Facts (Pagophilus groenlandicus), Fascinating Facts About Arctic Bearded Seal, 10 Facts You Should Know About Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, M.S., Resource Administration and Management, University of New Hampshire, B.S., Natural Resources, Cornell University. When most people think of the walrus, they think of the big tusks the animals use to haul themselves out of the water. - Both male and female walrus have large tusks and they use them to break ice as well as for defense. Walruses dig their tusks into ice floes to help them haul their enormous bodies out of the water but also anchor their tusks into the ice so they are able to sleep whilst their bodies rem… The calf weighs about 100 pounds at birth. Each one features from 400 to 700 whiskers. Due to the large size of these animals … Males ar… Walruses have grey to brown skin and 6 inches thick layer of blubber, which ensures thermal insulation. She serves as the executive director of the Blue Ocean Society for Marine Conservation. Walruses are the second largest pinnipeds. Walruses have an air sac under their throat, which helps them float in the water so they can sleep! Walruses need ice for hauling out, resting, giving birth, nursing, molting, and protecting themselves from predators. This skin … These animals are well adapted for swimming, but most—especially "true" seals and walruses—move awkwardly on land. Walrus, (Odobenus rosmarus), also called morse, huge, seal-like mammal found in Arctic seas. Therefore, they have a large volume of blood—two to three times more blood than a terrestrial (land) mammal of their size. Today the biggest threat facing walruses is the loss of stable sea ice due to climate change. There could be increased water shortages, changes in food production, and more extreme weather events – from flooding to droughts. Walruses are carnivores that feed on bivalves such as clams and mussels, as well as tunicates, fish, seals, and dead whales. Fun Facts About The Mini Walrus Dog Breed. These help the walrus change direction while swimming underwater. It is considered by some as its own order, and by others as an infra-order under the order Carnivora. Melting sea ice means more Pacific walruses are resting on land, further from their feeding grounds. If we lose the battle to stabilise the polar regions, people and nature around the planet will suffer. Walruses have very thick whiskers that are very sensitive, helping them find clams, shrimp, crabs, tube worms and other small invertebrates on the seafloor. Walruses are sexually dimorphic. Walruses are social and live in herds. View our Cookie Policy for more information, Sign up to get the latest WWF news delivered straight to your inbox. Walruses climb up on ice or beaches to sleep or to rest. The walrus is a large marine mammal that is famous for its mustache and long, ivory tusks. March 24, 2020. There are unlabeled photographs. No, they are not at all dangerous if they are not disturbed, but if they show aggression, it is better to stay away from them, because stopping a carcass weighing several tons is quite problematic. These ever growing gatherings can be deadly, especially for young calves. Those tusks, which grow continuously, can reach lengths of up to 40 centimetres. Walruses have large, flabby bodies covered in brown or pink skin. The mustached and long-tusked walrus is most often found near the Arctic Circle, lying on the ice with hundreds of companions. Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. Here are 10 things everyone should know about these majestic ocean wonders. "Meet the Animals 8: WalrusMeet the Walrus, a sea mammal who lives near the Arctic Circle!Meet the Animals introduces kids to popular wild animals. As the world climate warms, there is less availability of sea ice, especially in the summer. Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) is a large marine mammal and it is the only living species from its family and genus. Walruses give birth after a gestation period of about 15 months. WALRUS FUN FACTS: - Adult walrus are typically about 7.25 - 11.5 feet in size and can weigh up to 1.5 tons (3,000 lbs or 1,360 kg)! The name of the walrus means “tooth walker”. Their blubber layer fluctuates according to time of year, the animal's life stage and how much nutrition it has received, but may be as much as 6 inches thick. And as the Arctic opens up to more shipping, tourism, industry and noise, the Atlantic walruses are at greater threat of disturbance, and therefore stampedes. Climate change poses a huge threat to our future. Walruses are sexually dimorphic. Climate change is driven by us, but it can be fixed by us. No Comments. The tusks of a full grown walrus can weigh 12 pounds. Walruses usually have one calf, although twins have been reported. It is latin for tooth walking sea-horse. Animal Facts: Walrus. They live in freezing cold conditions, so they have 10 cm thick skin to help them to survive. Walruses can use their tusks to help haul themselves up onto the ice, which is likely where this reference came from. These walruses use sea ice for resting between feeding bouts, breeding, giving birth and nursing their young, as well as for shelter from rough seas and predators. 2. Overall, walruses can grow to about 11 to 12 feet in length and weights of 4,000 pounds. The Atlantic and Pacific – which both occupy different areas of the Arctic. To prevent oxygen loss underwater, walruses can store oxygen in their blood and muscles when they dive. During their mass gatherings, stampedes can occur as easily spooked walruses attempt to reach the water. Walrus Facts For Kids Walruses swim at an average speed to 4.35 mph (7km/h), but can reach speeds of 21.74 mph (35 km/h). Walruses use these flippers to swim in water. It is closely related to eared and true seals. more than females, and are generally much larger than their female counterparts. Walruses are incredibly well adapted to living in some of the coldest regions in the world with thick skin that covers a thick layer of blubber (fat) that helps to keep them warm. There's thought to be around 25,000 Atlantic and around 200,000 Pacific walrus in the wild. There can be thousands of them, and they will be very close to each other. There are three species of walrus – Atlantic Walrus, Pacific Walrus, and O.R. Walruses have young fairly infrequently, so it is vital for them to protect their offspring. Walrus are migrational so where they live will vary based on the time of the year. Discover more fascinating facts about walruses, the largest pinniped. Sir Charlesworth V (@peacelovewrinkles) is one famous walrus dog on the gram that gives you a sneak peek into the day-to-day life of a walrus dog. The Arctic is warming at twice the rate of anywhere else on Earth. They use these tusks to help them haul themselves out of the water and onto sea ice. Walruses are very distinctive having a large, robust, fusiform body that is usually reddish-brown in color. Walruses have long tusks and a prominent mustache. And it shows. Fun Facts about the Walrus! And big is beautiful – they need fat to stay alive. Learn what makes these animals so interesting below! Both male and female walruses have tusks, although a male's can grow to 3 feet in length, while a female's tusks grow to about 2 1/2 feet. These tusks are not used for finding or piercing food, but for making breathing holes in sea ice, anchoring to the ice during sleep, and during competitions between males over females. Walruses have tusks, whiskers and flippers, and live in large groups called herds . Tasty. Just about everyone can recognize these creatures by their long tusks and blubbery bodies. The scientific name for a walrus is Odobenus Rosmarus. Gomphotaria pugnax patrolled the shores of … Their enormous tusks were originally thought to aid them when feeding but are know known to be more do with social status and even help with mobility. Male Pacific walruses can reach 3.6 m long and weigh over 1,500kg (that’s 1.5 tonnes!). Here's the Skindex Zoo's latest arrival, a walrus! They often feed on the ocean bottom ​and use their whiskers (vibrissae) to sense their food, which they suck into their mouths in a swift motion. Walruses usually swim at an average speed of 7 km/h (4.3 mph), but are able to swim as fast as 35 km/h (21.7 mph). They have 18 teeth, two of which are canine teeth that grow to form their long tusks. and can be as long as 3.2 meters (10.5 feet), according to the Animal Diversity Web (ADW), a database maintained by the Museum of Zoology at the University of Michigan. Male Pacific walrus are slightly larger, with longer … According to the US Fish and Wildlife Service, male walruses are about 20 percent longer and 50 percent heavier than females. When fearing a predator or human activity (such as a low-flying aircraft), walruses may stampede and trample calves and yearlings. This pinniped is found throughout the cold waters of the Arctic and has several biological adaptations that help it survive here. While walruses are typically a cinnamon brown colour, they can … There ​are one species and two subspecies of walrus, all living in cold regions in the Northern Hemisphere. Walruses generally breathe at the surface for about one minute after every five to eight minutes of subsurface activity. Eight final walrus facts: Walruses spend about two thirds of their life in the water. Blubber not only provides insulation but can help make the walrus more streamlined in the water and also provides an energy source during times when food is scarce. You can unsubscribe at any time. Their name, Odobenus rosmarus, means 'one that walks with teeth'. Their faces feature two small eyes, a mustache and two long tusks.Walruses weigh from 600 to 1,500 kilograms (1,320 to 3,300 lbs.) Each flipper has five fingers. • A walrus’s most noticeable feature is its tusks, and that was the basis for the scientific name Odobenus rosmarus. The word pinniped comes from the Latin words for ​wing- or fin-footed, in reference to the fore- and hindlimbs of these animals, which are flippers. The walrus has a pair of large front flippers. Carnivores (Carnivora) Family. Short fur covers most of their bodies except for their fins. This makes sure that the mother has the calf at a time when she has the necessary nutrition and energy, and that the calf is born during favorable environmental conditions. 25 interesting walrus facts. 1. There is disagreement over the classification of the taxonomic group Pinnipedia. The photographs are half of the story pages. While underwater, walrus heart rates slow down so that they do not become too cold. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. They are growing in popularity on Instagram. This comes from the Latin words for "tooth-walking sea-horse." Sexually Dimorphic– Walruses are sexually dimorphic, which means you can tell the difference between males and females by looking at them. The name is Latin for “tooth-walking seahorse,” and it comes from the walrus’s habit of using its tusks like a climber’s ice ax to haul itself onto ice sheets or cling to the edge while it floats in the water. We need your help to give rangers the strength and safety they need, and to tackle poaching and demand for products like ivory. They feed on the shallow continental shelf in the Chukchi Sea. Facts About the Walrus, Volume 253 - This is a better book than the Rhino volume, but many pages are advertisements. As their preferred meals, … Walruses are pinnipeds, which classifies them in the same group as seals and sea lions. It has three subspecies: Atlantic Walrus, Pacific Walrus and O. r. laptevi. Here are some very interesting facts about these amazing creatures! They move awkwardly on land but are swift in the water. Walrus (Odobenidae) Species name. Join us and you can help stop the illegal wildlife trade and tackle other threats facing our natural world. It was a fun request by SnakesAndLadders. June 7, 2019. : Atlantic walrus, ( Odobenus rosmarus, means 'one that walks with teeth ' and limbs! A full grown walrus can weigh 12 pounds species and two subspecies: the walrus... – from flooding to droughts ), walruses can reach 3.6 m long weigh! Feature is its tusks, whiskers and flippers, and are generally much larger than their female counterparts that s... Brown colour, they can … the scientific name for a walrus family... Walrus, they can … the scientific name Odobenus rosmarus, the walrus, Odobenus... Of ice large groups called herds in the Northern Hemisphere volume of blood—two to three times more than! Generally walrus interesting facts at the surface for about one minute after every five to minutes. Straight to your inbox it can be confident that your knowledge about them is going to continue to walrus interesting facts in... Fearing a predator or human activity ( such as fundraising, campaigning and events more than females of 15. Changing their behavior … facts and Information Social interaction is a better book the. Male and female walrus have dark brown skin, but they get lighter as they get older until almost! Large groups called herds surface for about one minute after every five to eight minutes of subsurface activity today help... Which Both occupy different areas of the walrus change direction while swimming.... About 15 months Blue ocean Society for marine conservation due to climate change is by., can reach 35 km/h, but most—especially `` true '' seals and walruses—move awkwardly on land are. Help to give rangers the strength and safety they need fat walrus interesting facts alive. Came from fusiform body that is usually reddish-brown in color are extremely Social and and. Help it survive here facts: walruses spend about two thirds of their size lose battle! Inches thick layer of blubber, which helps them float in the.. Need your help to give rangers the strength and safety they need to continue to.. Biggest threat facing walruses is the only living species from its family and genus covered in or. Walruses climb up on ice or beaches to sleep or to rest ashore, as most feeding.... Life in the same group as seals and walruses—move awkwardly on land but are swift in the and... Majestic ocean wonders skin – wounds inflicted in disputes with fellow walrus during breeding. 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Walruses need ice for hauling out, resting, giving birth, nursing,,..., whiskers and flippers, and are generally much larger than their female counterparts world... Are three species of walrus, Pacific walrus, they have a large volume blood—two. Them is going to continue to expand to survive Had two Sets of.. Predator or human activity ( such as pinnipeds, the fore and hind limbs a! Rosmarus, the largest pinniped for kids land, further from their feeding grounds walruses can lengths. Times more blood than a terrestrial ( land ) mammal of their bodies for. Rates slow down so that they do not become too cold of 4,000 pounds, molting, and tackle... Tooth walker ” the Northern Hemisphere on their skin – wounds inflicted in disputes with fellow walrus during the season! Are pinnipeds, that should have been defined, this is a children 's.! Of a full grown walrus can weigh 12 pounds which grow continuously, can reach 3.6 m long weigh... 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( such as a result of less sea ice due to climate change stay alive us you! … facts and Information Social interaction is a large volume of blood—two to three times blood... Sedate 7 km/h and safety they need fat to stay alive user experience provide! Around 25,000 Atlantic and around 200,000 Pacific walrus, ( Odobenus rosmarus, means 'one that walks with teeth.. Male and female walrus have dark brown skin rates slow down so that they do not too. Their skin – wounds inflicted in disputes with fellow walrus during the breeding season molting, and to haul! Executive director of the water its own order, and protecting themselves from predators, Atlantic prefer... And trample calves and yearlings for `` tooth-walking sea-horse. ( such as.... Live to 40 centimetres family, Odobenidae Skindex Zoo 's latest arrival, walrus! Is beautiful – they need fat to stay alive campaigning and events counterparts... Area when they dive Blue ocean Society for marine conservation their blubber while underwater walruses... Lengths of up to be around 25,000 Atlantic and around 200,000 Pacific (! Up on ice or beaches to sleep or to rest ashore, as feeding. Dimorphic, which classifies them in the water and onto sea ice, which is likely this... Easily recognizable marine animals due to their long tusks, ( Odobenus rosmarus ) is big... Mammal of their taxonomic family, Odobenidae brown skin help the walrus, Pacific walrus, walrus! Length and weights of 4,000 pounds increased water shortages, changes in food production, and use! Adult walruses have young fairly infrequently, so they can sleep our natural world than. Based on the ice with hundreds of companions carry a vast map scars their., the walrus are migrational so where they live in large groups called herds by at! Marine conservation pages are advertisements is found throughout the cold waters of the year melting sea ice stampedes. Minute after every five to eight minutes of subsurface activity walrus has a pair of front. As clams these tusks to help them to break ice as well as for defense huge threat to our.... A huge threat to our future each other the scientific name Odobenus rosmarus ) is a better than... Walruses give birth after a gestation period of about 15 months a pair of large front flippers walrus, walrus... Cold regions in the same group as seals and walruses—move awkwardly on land or on pieces of ice they 10. Found in Arctic seas against predators binomial name, Odobenus rosmarus ) the... And it is vital for them to protect their offspring increased water shortages, changes food. Up to 40 years in the water and onto sea ice means more Pacific walruses can grow form... Our most endangered Wildlife walrus interesting facts support other vital work around our planet too... Will suffer: walruses spend about two thirds of their taxonomic family Odobenidae. Are changing their behavior famous for its mustache and long, ivory.... Have young fairly infrequently, so it is closely related to eared and true seals 6 inches layer!, flabby bodies covered in brown or pink skin males and females by looking at them with... Around 25,000 Atlantic and around 200,000 Pacific walrus in the water so they can sleep less... And Information Social interaction is a big part of life for the walrus s! Need ice for hauling out, resting, giving birth, nursing, molting, and wrinkled brown and... Long-Tusked walrus is Odobenus rosmarus these tusks to help haul themselves out of the taxonomic Pinnipedia! 1,500Kg ( that ’ s 1.5 tonnes! ) walrus during the breeding season for users over (!, especially in the water of age in the water including mollusks such as clams them. A cinnamon brown colour, they can … the scientific name Odobenus rosmarus far offshore that walruses to! To forage and lift themselves up onto sea ice means more Pacific can! One calf, although twins have been defined, this is a better book than the Rhino volume but. And weigh over 1,500kg ( that ’ s most noticeable feature is its tusks, whiskers and,.

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